• strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home2/maderas/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
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  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home2/maderas/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home2/maderas/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607.
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  • strict warning: Declaration of date_api_argument_handler::init() should be compatible with views_handler_argument::init(&$view, &$options) in /home2/maderas/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/includes/date_api_argument_handler.inc on line 398.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home2/maderas/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 24.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /home2/maderas/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 134.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home2/maderas/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 134.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home2/maderas/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Declaration of date_handler_field_multiple::pre_render() should be compatible with content_handler_field_multiple::pre_render($values) in /home2/maderas/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date_handler_field_multiple.inc on line 185.

A 7 años de haber sido creada, la Ley General de Acceso de las Mujeres a una Vida Libre de Violencia

Fecha: 
Vie, 2014-02-21

Mujeres

Este febrero cumple siete años la Ley General de Acceso de las Mujeres a una Vida Libre de Violencia, publicada en el Diario Oficial el uno de ese mes de 2007, con la cual se busca combatir la violencia. El documento fue reformado dos años más tarde para dejar claro que dichas disposiciones son de orden público, de interés social y de observancia general en la República Mexicana. Esta legislación establece lineamientos jurídicos y administrativos con los cuales el Estado intervendrá en todos sus niveles de Gobierno, para garantizar y proteger los derechos de las mujeres a una vida con dignidad.

Además, tiene por objeto establecer coordinación entre la Federación, las entidades federativas, el Distrito Federal y los municipios, para prevenir, sancionar y erradicar la violencia contra las mujeres, así como los principios y modalidades para garantizar su acceso a una vida adecuada que favorezca su desarrollo y bienestar conforme a los principios de igualdad y de no discriminación, así como para garantizar la democracia, el desarrollo integral y sustentable que fortalezca la soberanía y el régimen democrático establecidos en la Constitución Política del país.
La Federación, las entidades federativas, el Distrito Federal y los municipios, en el ámbito de sus respectivas competencias están llamados a tener normas legales en el mismo sentido y a tomar las medidas presupuestales y administrativas correspondientes, para garantizar este derecho a las mujeres, de conformidad con tratados internacionales en materia de derechos humanos, ratificados por el país.

Así se ha hecho, por lo menos en este estado del país. Sin embargo, una penosa realidad reta todos los días a la ley debido a la subcultura enraizada en no poca población masculina, e incluso femenina, que desde la infancia inculca o sugiere una prioridad al varón, o una equivocada superioridad. Es positivo que se haya legislado en ese sentido, sin embargo, el fenómeno de la violencia en contra de la mujer en general será erradicado cuando la población tenga mayor acceso a la educación y a la cultura. Es cierto que se sostiene que este lastre lo mismo se reproduce en un estrato social que en otro, pero es un hecho que a mayor nivel de estudios, menor presión en ese sentido hay en contra de la familia. Y se menciona a la familia porque, de acuerdo con estadísticas, es una de las instituciones de la sociedad que mayor daño sufre con la expresión de este deplorable fenómeno.

Tal vez en este sentido, un partido político ha propuesto incluir en la Ley General de Acceso a las Mujeres a una Vida Libre de Violencia, un apartado dirigido a las mujeres hablantes de alguna lengua indígena, para erradicar la discriminación.

Argumenta que en México hay alrededor de cuatro millones de mujeres indígenas, que en muchas ocasiones sufren discriminación, ya sea por su nivel socioeconómico, género o zona geográfica en la que viven. Ante esto, propone en la Cámara de Diputados incluir en esta ley un apartado dirigido específicamente a este sector de la sociedad.

Con esta propuesta, se indica, las mujeres de etnias originales de México tendrían un acceso efectivo a atención médica de calidad, a la educación, así como igualdad de oportunidades económicas, obtención de créditos y préstamos agrícolas, además de condiciones de vida adecuadas, como vivienda, electricidad, agua y transporte.

La iniciativa pone como ejemplo el anuncia que la Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación hiciera sobre la puesta en marcha de una campaña de concientización en diversas localidades de Chiapas para erradicar la violencia de género en el sector rural. En tal sentido sugiere ese partido aplicar campañas similares en todo el país.
La propuesta no está de más. Todo cuanto se pueda hacer para tratar de hacer justicia y aspirar a mínimos de bienestar, como es el hecho a vivir libre de violencia, será bienvenido.