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La tortura ha aumentado 500% de 2006 a la fecha

Fecha: 
Jue, 2014-06-26

Hoy, día mundial dedicado a víctimas

 

Arturo Sánchez

Periódico La Jornada

Jueves 26 de junio de 2014, p. 5

Aunque no existe la posibilidad de tener cifras exactas sobre la tortura en México, se ha calculado que desde inicios del sexenio pasado esa práctica se incrementó en casi 500 por ciento, señaló José Antonio Ibáñez Aguirre, coordinador del Programa de Derechos Humanos de la Universidad Iberoamericana, con motivo del Día Internacional en Apoyo de las Víctimas de la Tortura, que se conmemora el 26 de junio.

Indicó que aunque ‘‘no hay razón política, económica, social o estratégica que justifique la tortura’’, ésta puede considerarse institucional en nuestro país, ya que se tiene como estructura automática en diversas instituciones. Sin embargo, apuntó que la tortura no es una cultura nacional, porque los mexicanos no la tienen arraigada.

Parte de esta práctica, que afecta en mayor medida a personas de bajos recursos, con pocos medios para defenderse o seguir una denuncia, dijo Ibáñez –doctor en ciencias sociales–, se facilita por la inexistencia de peritajes independientes y por la institucionalización de la tortura, que es utilizada como una herramienta para obtener información sin que necesariamente exista una orden directa de altos mandos.

Por su parte, Sandra Salcedo, investigadora del Programa de Derechos Humanos, precisó que además de que la tortura inhibe el acceso a la justicia, desde el punto de vista jurídico sólo la aplicada por la autoridad es la que suele reconocerse como tal, aunque desde el terreno sociológico la practicada por miembros del narcotráfico a migrantes, por ejemplo, no puede desvincularse.

Ibáñez señaló que la Organización de Naciones Unidas (ONU) ha mostrado en diversas ocasiones su preocupación sobre este tema en México, como se ha visto en las visitas de su relator especial en 1997 y 2014, así como del Subcomité de Prevención de la Tortura y el comité contra esta práctica y otros tratos o penas crueles, inhumanos o degradantes en 2008 y 2012, respectivamente.

El 12 de diciembre de 1997, la Asamblea General de la ONU proclamó el 26 de junio Día Internacional de las Naciones Unidas en Apoyo de las Víctimas de la Tortura, con vistas a la erradicación total de ésta.

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Rompen el silencio mujeres de Atenco

De la Redacción

Periódico La Jornada

Jueves 26 de junio de 2014, p. 5

Las 11 mujeres denunciantes de tortura sexual en San Salvador Atenco, estado de México, quienes hace un mes iniciaron la campaña Rompiendo el silencio, dieron a conocer el caso de Belinda Garza Melo, quien hace siete años fue víctima de vejaciones físicas, sexuales y sicológicas por parte de elementos de la entonces Policía Federal Preventiva (PFP) en Torreón, Coahuila, y poco después fue presentada como ‘‘integrante’’ del cártel del Golfo.

Recordaron que Belinda Garza se encuentra presa en el penal de Tepic, acusada de forma injusta de delincuencia organizada, ilícitos contra la salud y secuestro, sin que a la fecha se le haya dictado sentencia.

El Centro de Derechos Humanos Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez (Prodh) recordó que el objetivo de la campaña Rompiendo el silencio es visibilizar el patrón sistemático de la tortura sexual que enfrentan las mujeres mexicanas que son detenidas por agentes policiales, militares o marinos en la supuesta protección que deberían proveer a la sociedad.