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Regreso del PRI trajo de vuelta prácticas represoras: centro Frayba

Fecha: 
Mié, 2014-10-15

 

mié, 15 oct 2014 10:55

San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chis. Para el Centro de Derechos Humanos Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas (Frayba) el regreso del Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) a la presidencia de la República “trajo consigo de vuelta las prácticas represoras que le habían sido prestadas por 12 años a los gobiernos del Partido Acción Nacional (PAN)”.

En su informe anual (julio de 2013-julio 2014) afirma que “la política de represión puesta en marcha por el gobierno es una estrategia de control, de crear un ambiente de miedo en la sociedad, mostrar al disidente como delincuente e implementar mecanismos de terror como la tortura, el feminicidio, la desaparición forzada, las detenciones arbitrarias, los asesinatos de periodistas y defensores de los derechos humanos, así como criminalizar la protesta social”.

Agrega que la estrategia de seguridad nacional implementada por el gobierno del presidente Enrique Peña Nieto “con el argumento de combatir a la delincuencia organizada y tener un país seguro, es el pretexto del Estado para no respetar los derechos humanos y evadir su responsabilidad internacional ante las instancias internacionales, con un discurso vacío que contrasta con los datos y casos que han presentado organizaciones de la sociedad civil de México”.

Señala que la “estrategia represiva ha mantenido e incrementado la presencia de personal del Ejército Mexicano y de la Marina Armada de México en acciones de seguridad pública con el aumento grave y progresivo de quejas de violaciones a derechos humanos”.

Asegura que “en esta estrategia juegan un papel importante las reformas legislativas que dan la apariencia de avances en materia de derechos humanos pero son simples espejos ante la comunidad internacional”, pues “a pesar del avance significativo de la reforma constitucional en derechos humanos, ésta no ha avanzado en la armonización de las constituciones locales y no se han expedido las leyes secundarais necesarias y suficientes para activarlas, sino que existen normas notoriamente contrarias a lo que marca el artículo primero de la Constitución Mexicana”.

El organismo que preside el obispo de Saltillo, Cohuila, Raúl Vera López sostiene que adicionalmente, las llamadas reformas estructurales “han generado un malestar social y movilizaciones en todo el país, sobre todo por la reforma laboral, la educativa y la energética, mientras que la hacendaria complica la economía familiar”. Asegura que las citadas reformas “no han ayudado a reducir la pobreza, sino al contrario”.

Aunado a lo anterior, afirma el Frayba, los permisos y concesiones “para proyectos de la industria extractiva, hidrológicas, eólicas, de infraestructura carretera y de explotación indiscriminada de los recursos naturales, sobre todo en territorios indígenas y campesinos, hacen que el descontento social se generalice y se generen acciones de resistencia que el Estado y las empresas ven como acciones criminales”.

Agrega que “estas acciones afectan el derecho al consentimiento libre, previo e informado de las personas y las comunidades involucradas en la implementación de megaproyecto que generan desplazamiento forzado, pobreza agravada, daño al medio ambiente y niegan los derechos culturales de las poblaciones”, lo que significa que “la acción y omisión gubernamental antepone intereses económicos y político a los derechos humanos”.

En cuanto al conflicto armado interno no resuelto en Chiapas, sostiene que durante 2013 y hasta el cierre del informe, “se ha caracterizado por una continua agresión en contra de las comunidades autónomas y las bases de apoyo del Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional (EZLN) por parte de organizaciones sociales regionales que desde hace varios años les están disputando las tierras recuperadas”.

Varias de estas agrupaciones, continúa, “han impulsado que sus líderes estén como funcionarios y servidores públicos, en muchos casos traicionando sus principios de lucha, de los cuales surgieron”.

Subraya que “los poderes gubernamentales y fácticos han negado e impedido un reconocimiento digno y de respeto a los derechos de los pueblos originarios por el temor a que ese lenguaje en la política progresista y emancipadora cambie las relaciones de poder”.

Abunda: “Lo que vemos es que desde el gobierno, los derechos humanos se han convertido en una mera comparsa de la idea de desarrollo vinculada a acumulación del capital, por lo que a los pueblos los compran con programas sociales clientelares, ahora con el nombre del combate ala pobreza”.

El informe, titulado Los derechos humanos a debate. Entre el cinismo oficial y la dignidad de los pueblos, fue presentado por el sacerdote dominico Gonzalo Ituarte Verduzco, miembro del consejo y fundador del Frayba; su director, Víctor Hugo López; el sacerdote jesuita, José Javier Avilés, vicario de justicia y paz de la diócesis local y por Dolores González, de la agrupación Servicios para la Paz (Serapaz).