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Roya naranja, el nuevo cáncer del café en Chiapas

Fecha: 
Lun, 2014-02-10

 febrero 10, 2014 

 

Rolando Domínguez / CP Ante el avance de la roya naranja sobre los cafetales de Chiapas, principalmente del sector social, es necesario cambiar unos 300 millones de plantas afectadas en toda la superficie cultivada de este aromático grano en la entidad.
Este “cáncer ecológico”, como llaman los productores de café a la nueva cepa de la roya naranja, ha provocado mayor pobreza e incertidumbre entre los productores de café de la entidad. Sobre todo entre los más pobres. Un porcentaje importante de ellos ha acelerado el proceso de migración hacia Estados Unidos, por su sobrevivencia y la de sus familias.
Los que se quedan buscan fomentar alternativas para conseguir algunos recursos mientras llegan las remesas de sus parientes, si es que llegan. Ahora la pobreza histórica tiene nuevos componentes: seguridad nacional –por el abandono de las parcelas– y resentimiento social.
Ante los escasos recursos que les han llegado a los productores de café del sector social, algunas organizaciones y la gente ha salido a manifestarse en carreteras en la zona de la Sierra Madre (tramo carretero Motozintla – Comalapa – y Chicomuselo - Comalapa). Ellos buscan que las autoridades volteen los ojos hacia ellos. Otros grupos aprovechan la coyuntura para intentar “sacar agua hacia su molino”.
Unos días antes, un grupo de los tostadores más importantes de Estados Unidos recorrieron la Sierra Madre para conocer los problemas de la cafeticultura en la entidad. Para ellos, Chiapas es productor de uno de los mejores cafés del mundo.
Ellos, los tostadores, lo mismo hablaron con gente del sector privado como los propietarios de la finca Santa Teresa, Rancho Bonito, Las Victorias, Nueva Linda como los del sector social: Confederación Campesina de Productores de Café de Chiapas como Triunfo Verde.
Los visitantes: Ari Michael Fansonella: Timothy Gerard Chapdelaine; Joseph Morrocco; David Chall; Pat Vanderkolk; Rebeca y Dominc Pattano; Jim Hotten; Andrea Otte; Stevie Baka; Tyler Zimmer; Vicent Latesta; Ronald Hass; Rasheed Jabr y Jeff Dreyfuss experimentaron el proceso de la cafeticultura.
Algunos de ellos comentaron que recomendarán a sus amigos y conocidos acudan a las fincas de Chiapas a experimentar el corte del café en fincas del sector privado como en las parcelas del sector social como se hace en Costa rica y Colombia. En Chiapas tiene muchos componentes extras; sus maravillosos paisajes; la calidez y amabilidad de la gente.
En tanto la angustia de los productores se torna en molestia y protesta, las casas de empeño de la zona obtienen jugosas ganancias exprimiendo las necesidades de los productores. Para terminar de fastidiarlos, ahora las dependencias del sector agrícola de la federación y del estado ponen más requisitos. Ahora la tramitología se hace en tiempo real a través de sistemas modernos de cómputo en comunidades donde no hay que comer. La paradoja.