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Violencia contra la mujer, fenómeno presente en todos los sectores sociales

Fecha: 
Vie, 2014-02-14

Predomina la agresión emocional durante el noviazgo

César Arellano
 
Periódico La Jornada
Viernes 14 de febrero de 2014, p. 37

La violencia hacia las mujeres, por el simple hecho de serlo, aún prevalece en el país y se manifiesta de distintas maneras y en diversos ámbitos, señaló el Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres (Inmujeres)

La puede sufrir cualquier mujer sin importar edad, escolaridad, incorporación en el mercado laboral o lugar de residencia, ya sea en área rural o urbana o en una entidad federativa del norte, sur o centro del país. La violencia contra las mujeres es un fenómeno que tiene muchas aristas y que para poder entenderlo y, por consiguiente, atenderlo es necesario conocerlo..

Indicó que datos de la Encuesta Nacional sobre la Dinámica de las Relaciones en los Hogares (ENDIREH) 2011 muestran que 36.9 por ciento de las mujeres solteras de 15 a 29 años han sufrido algún incidente violento por parte de su novio o pareja a lo largo de la relación, lo cual indica que casi cuatro de cada 10 han sufrido algún tipo de violencia emocional, económica, física o sexual.

Los tipos de violencia que predominan entre las jóvenes solteras de 15 a 29 años por parte de sus novios es la emocional: a 36.7 por ciento de ellas las han humillado, ignorado, pedido que cambien su forma de vestir, han tratado de controlar sus movimientos o decisiones, hecho sentir miedo, amenazado con algún arma o con matarlas o matarse.

Las prevalencias de los otros tipos de violencia son: física a 3.3 por ciento, es decir, las han golpeado, empujado o jalado el cabello, pateado, tratado de ahorcar o asfixiar o agredido con un arma; sexual a 2.3 por ciento, esto es, que las han tocado o manoseado sin su consentimiento, les han exigido o han usado la fuerza física para obligarlas a tener relaciones sexuales; económica a 0.9 por ciento, es decir, les han quitado su dinero, terrenos o propiedades, por mencionar algunos casos.